Select the country below to learn about the culture and provision of pro bono legal services in that jurisdiction.
This chapter addresses legal and professional privilege in the European Union.
Pro bono legal services in Armenia are provided solely on a voluntary, ad hoc basis and are not regulated.
Pro bono does not have a long history in Austria due to the comprehensive state legal aid scheme.
As of today, no pro bono programs have been set up by Azerbaijani law firms or corporate legal departments.
Development of pro bono legal services in Belarus is still in its early stages and is not widely known or available to the public.
A strong pro bono culture has not traditionally existed in the Belgian domestic legal community for various reasons.
In recent years, there has been increased recognition of the need to provide pro bono services for vulnerable groups in Bulgaria.
The Czech Republic lacks an entrenched pro bono culture, and pro bono activities are not widespread.
In Denmark, legal aid and some limited free legal advice is available, but no established pro bono culture exists with a few limited exceptions.
Pro bono legal services are of increasing importance for attorneys and law firms within England and Wales.
Pro bono work is not widespread or a significant part of the legal culture in Finland.
In France, pro bono practice has rapidly developed in the last decade due to various private initiatives and involvement of the Paris Bar.
Most pro bono opportunities in Georgia are offered by nongovernmental organizations, university law clinics and law firms.
In recent years, there has been widespread press coverage and discussion of pro bono work in Germany.
The provision of pro bono legal services in Greece is not well-established or widespread.
Hungary has a tradition of pro bono legal assistance dating back to the beginning of the 20th century.
Pro bono legal work continues to develop in the Republic of Ireland, with no foreseeable legal impediments to its continued development.
With Northern Ireland’s legal aid system currently undergoing reform, its citizens may need to rely more heavily on pro bono services.
Pro bono engagement is not a common in Italy, notwithstanding that large global law firms have recently started to engage in such activities.
There are a number of opportunities for pro bono legal assistance in Latvia, involving aid to both individuals and NGOs.
Liechtenstein’s comprehensive system of state-funded legal aid minimizes the need for pro bono services.
While not entirely absent from the Maltese legal practice, pro bono work is not very common in Malta.
Montenegro’s legal system is currently undergoing a period of extensive reform and restructuring.
In the Netherlands, people with limited means seeking legal advice are supported by a comprehensive regime of state-funded legal aid.
Due in large part to Norway’s comprehensive state legal aid system, pro bono work is not widespread or a significant part of the legal culture.
In Poland, pro bono initiatives are numerous and welcomed by the public.
In recent years, there has been an increase in the number of law firms developing and promoting pro bono programs in Portugal.
As Romania’s legal community comes to recognize the value of pro bono engagement, the infrastructure supporting pro bono is improving.
A professional environment that accepts pro bono as part of a lawyer’s role in the community is slowly developing in Russia.
In recent years, pro bono legal services have become an increasingly important focus for law firms within Scotland.
With no national clearinghouses, pro bono opportunities are limited in Serbia and are mostly available through local NGOs.
State-run legal aid and private pro bono organizations are continuing to evolve to facilitate further growth in pro bono activity in Slovakia.
Pro bono is an increasingly important part of the practice of law in Slovenia, and many attorneys accept pro bono cases.
Opportunities for expanding the scope of pro bono practice in Spain exist, with some large law firms already deeply engaged.
Funding cuts within the state welfare system in recent years have created a greater need for legal services among the poor in Sweden.
Switzerland’s comprehensive state-funded legal aid system has limited the perceived need for pro bono services.
Today, lawyers in Ukraine have many opportunities to provide pro bono services by working individually or in collaboration with NGOs.
*Chapter not updated from 2015.